Situational updates of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

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Situational update of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

This African swine fever update covers the period from April 10 to 16, 2020. It is a summary of all Immediate Notifications (INs) and Follow-up reports (FURs) submitted to the OIE by countries in the region to report the occurrence of the disease since 2018. A classification of the affected population (by backyard and farmed swine, and wild boar) was made considering their different roles in the epidemiology of the disease.

 

New reports (IN/FUR) submitted to the OIE within the period in Asia and the Pacific

 

China (People’s Rep. of):

  • IN: to notify the recurrence of the disease in Shaanxi. The outbreak occurred in backyard swine. The report is available here.
  • FUR: notifying 1 outbreak affecting backyard swine. The report is available here.

Korea (Rep. of):       

  • 6 FURs: reporting 40 outbreaks, all of them affecting wild boar in Gangwon-Do and Gyeonggi-Do. The last report is available here.

Russia:

  • 1 FUR: to notify many outbreaks as resolved. No new outbreaks have reported. The report is available here.

The distribution of the ongoing outbreaks is represented in the map (figure 1).

General situation of ASF in Asia and the Pacific

Since the 1st occurrence of ASF in China (People’s Rep. of) on August the 1st, 2018, the disease has spread to Mongolia (January, 2019)., Vietnam (February, 2019), Cambodia (March, 2019), Hong Kong (SAR-PRC) (May, 2019), Korea (Dem. People’s Rep.) (May, 2019), Laos (June, 2019), Myanmar (August, 2019), Philippines (July, 2019), Korea (Rep. of) (September, 2019), Timor-Leste (September, 2019), Indonesia (November, 2019), and more recently in Papua New Guinea (March, 2020) . Moreover, Russia reported an ASF event in the East side of the country (bordering China (People’s Rep. of)), in August 2019.

Cambodia: since the first occurrence of the disease, 13 outbreaks have been reported in five different administrative divisions. All outbreaks have been reported as resolved.

China (People’s Rep. of): since the first occurrence in the country (August 1, 2018), 179 outbreaks have been reported in 31 different administrative divisions, from which 166 have been resolved. Currently, 13 outbreaks in 7 different administrative divisions are still ongoing in China (People’s Rep. of).

Hong Kong (SAR-PRC): since the first occurrence of the disease on May 2, 2019, three outbreaks have been notified. The virus was detected in tissue samples collected from pigs in the slaughterhouse, as part of the surveillance system in place. All the ASF events in the country have been resolved.

Indonesia: the first occurrence of the disease was notified on December 17, 2019. In total, 521 outbreaks in backyard pig farms were reported in Sumatera Utara Province. The disease was detected following reports of an increase of pig deaths on early September. Official tests identified the presence of African swine fever on November 18.

Korea (Dem. People’s Rep. of): notified the first occurrence of the disease in the country on May 30. No update has been submitted since then.

Korea (Rep. of): the country reported the first occurrence of the disease on September 18. Currently, 504 outbreaks are ongoing in the country. Four administrative divisions have been affected (Gyeonggi-Do, Incheon Metropolitan City, Gangwon-Do and Busan Metropolitan City).

Laos: since the first occurrence of ASF in the country on June 20, 141 outbreaks have been reported in seventeen different administrative divisions. All outbreaks are still ongoing.

Myanmar: the disease was first reported in the country on August 14 (the event started August 1, 2019). Five outbreaks have been reported in Shan State while the first outbreak was notified in Kachin State on March 4. Five of these outbreaks have been resolved while one in Shan State is still ongoing.

Mongolia: all ASF events have been resolved. In total, 11 outbreaks occurred in the country since first occurrence in January 2019.

Papua New Guinea: the disease was notified on March 30. The event started on March 5 and was confirmed the 25th March. Four outbreaks are currently ongoing in the country.

Philippines: on September 9, the country notified the first occurrence of the disease. In total, 285 outbreaks are ongoing in 23 administrative divisions. The event started on July 25 but was only confirmed on August 30.

Russia: the disease was reported in Russia for the first time in 2007. Most recently, the disease was notified in four administrative divisions (Amurskaya Oblast, Khabarovskiy Kray, Primorskiy Kray, Yevreyskaya Avtonomnaya Oblast) bordering China (People’s Rep. of). A total of 92 outbreaks have been reported within this ASF event. There are currently 13 ongoing outbreaks in the Asian part of the country. To have a view of the total outbreaks ongoing in the country, please refer to the latest OIE global update on ASF here.

Timor-Leste: the disease first occurred in the country on September 09 and was confirmed on September 26. A total of 126 outbreaks are currently ongoing in the country.

Vietnam: in total, 8,466 outbreaks have been notified in all 63 administrative divisions since the first occurrence of the disease in the country (February 1, 2019). A total of 2,383 outbreaks are currently reported as ongoing. Clusters of up to 498 outbreaks have been reported.

The impact of African swine fever in Asia since 2018 is detailed in table 1. It shows the total outbreaks, administrative divisions affected and cumulative number of animal losses (backyard and farmed swine) by country.

NOTE: The losses are calculated based on the sum of dead and culled animals in the infected farm or backyard premises notified within the outbreaks. However, the OIE does not collect quantitative information on additional control measures applied in response to the outbreaks (for example preventative culling in a zone around an outbreak.

 

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