Map 1. ASF situation in Asia (for the past 10 weeks)
Source:formation, Republic of Korea, the Philippines, Indonesia, Timor-Leste: WAHIS and government websites, Other: WAHIS. Viet Nam: WAHIS & media in
Hazard: African swine fever (ASF) is a viral disease affecting pigs and wild boar with up to 100% case fatality rate.
ASF reported countries since August 2018: China, Mongolia, Viet Nam, Cambodia, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, The Philippines, Republic of Korea, Timor-Leste, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, India, Malaysia, Bhutan, Thailand, Nepal and Singapore.
Since its first report on 15 January 2019, 11 outbreaks in 6 provinces and in Ulaanbaatar have been reported, around 3 000 pigs were lost due to the ASF, with the latest onset being April 2019 [reference1, reference2, reference3].
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Ministry of Agriculture confirmed the occurrence of the first ASF outbreak in Chagang-do on 23 May 2019 [reference].
Republic of Korea
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA) confirmed the first ASF outbreak on 17 September 2019, ASF was detected in 32 domestic pig farms: Gyeonggi-do (13), Incheon City (5), and Gangwon-do (14). As of 3 March 2023, a total of 2 880 ASF virus infected wild boars were confirmed in: Gyeonggi-do: Paju (100), Yeoncheon (418), Pocheon (94), Gapyeong (62), Taebeak ( 3); Gangwon-do: Cheorwon (36), Hwacheon (425), Chuncheon (222), Yanggu (81), Goseong (12), Inje (158), Yeongwol (208), Yangyang (36), Gangneung (108), Hongcheon (63), Pyeongchang (43), Sockho (1), Jeongseon (169), Hoengseong (57), Samcheok (74), Wonju (38), and Donghae (8) Chungcheongbuk-do: Danyang (109), Jecheon (71), Boeun (73), Chungju (73) and Goesan (3); Gyeongsangbuk-do: Sangju (59), Uljin (10), Mungyeong (51), Yeongju (3), Bonghwa (11) and Yecheon (1) [reference], according to media.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA) confirmed the first outbreak in Liaoning Province on 3 August 2018, ASF were detected in 32 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities/special administrative region. The last reported outbreak was in February 2022 in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The latest outbreak was reported on 11 February 2023 in Sheung Shui, Hong Kong SAR, located close to the border with Guangdong Province [reference1, reference2].
Since the Department of Agriculture (DA) confirmed the first outbreak started in July 2019, as of July 2022, 53 provinces have experienced ASF outbreaks [reference1]. According to media, the number of ASF affected regions has climbed from five (Regions 1, 3, IV-A, 6, and 8) to seven (regions 2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 13) over the past month [reference2]. On Mindanao, as of January 2023, the pig mortality in Zamboanga City reached 4 655, and 1 122 pigs were culled to prevent the spread of the disease [reference3]. ASF was also confirmed on Dinagat Islands [reference4]. According to media, Davao de Oro Province are under the red zone as the positive cases were confirmed last month in Maragusan Municipality [reference5]. On Visayas, as of 24 February 2023, ASF virus is present in 22 towns in Iloilo and two towns in Guimaras Province [reference6]. Out of 22 towns recorded ASF cases in Iloilo Province, 17 towns are under the red zone (Oton, San Miguel, Leganes, New Lucena, Alimodian, Santa Barbara, Mina, Barotac Nuevo, Dumangas, Banate, Janiuay, Barotac Viejo, Dingle, Batad, San Dionisio, and Zarraga) and 5 are classified as pink zones (Duenas, Pototan, Badiangan, Estancia, and San Enrique) [reference7, reference8]. Capiz Province reported its first cases of ASF on 23 February 2023 in a backyard farm in Barangay Canapian, Maayon Municipality [reference9]. The latest map on ASF zoning status (as of 14 February) is available [reference10].
The first ASF outbreaks were confirmed in February 2021 in Sabah Stateon Borneo [reference1], and has also been reported in Sarawak State [reference2]. On the Malay Peninsula, ASF was first reported in December 2021, and has been reported in Melaka, Pahang, Perak, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Trengganu and Kelantan states [reference3]. According to media, in Perak State, ASF was detected between December and 13 January on four farms in Batang Padang district (1) and in Kuala Kangsar district (3) [reference4]; and in Negeri Sembilan State, a decayed carcass of a wild boar was found on a farm in Pasir Panjang, Port Dickson on 3 January and tested positive for ASF [reference5]. In Penang State, since ASF outbreak was detected in Seberang Perai Selatan District on 6 January, 68 659 pigs and 30 farms have been affected by the disease and about 12 000 pigs have been culled so farin Seberang Perai Selatan District; the affected farms are located in Seberang Perai Selatan District (19 farms), Seberang Perai Utara District (6), Seberang Perai Tengah District (2), and Barat Daya District (3), according to media [ reference6, reference7, reference8, reference9].
Since the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) reported an ASF outbreak in North Sumatra Province in 2019 [reference1, reference2], ASF has been officially reported in 18 out of 34 provinces on: Sumatera (Lampung, North, South, West, Riau, Jambi), Bangka Belitung, Java (Central, West, Yogyakarta, East, Banten), Kalimantan (Central, North, East, West), Bali and East Nusa Tenggara [reference3]. During 2022, a total of 6 900 pigs were affected, of which 77% was in West Kalimantan [reference4, reference5]. ASF was reported in South Sulawesi Province for the first time, 595 pigs have been affected since the beginning of 2023; and continue to have occurred in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) Province [reference6]. Media reported that in North Sumatra Province, 2 000 pigs have died suddenly in Medan City and Deli Serdang, Karo, and Serdang Bedagai and Humbang Hasundutan Regencies [reference7, reference8]; and in NTT, after the resurgence of ASF as of 11 February 2023, a total of 349 domestic pigs died of ASF, raising the concerns about the spread of the disease in the province; the deaths were reported from nine districts/cities namely Kupang City, Kupang, Sikka, Ende, East Flores, Southwest Sumba , North Central Timor, West Sumba, and Nagekeo regencies [reference9, reference10, reference11].
After the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries announced the confirmation of ASF outbreak on 27 September 2019 [reference1], ASF spread to almost all villages within one year. At least 129 000 pigs, 28 percent of the total pig population, have died for ASF or CSF [reference2], affected >70 percent of households [reference3].
Papua New Guinea
The National Agriculture Quarantine and Inspection Authority (NAQIA) confirmed ASF outbreaks in Southern Highlands Province in March 2020 [reference1, reference2]. To prevent further spread, the entire Highlands region and Morobe Province have been declared as “Disease Area”, although Morobe province remains ASF-free status.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) confirmed its first ASF outbreak on 19 February 2019, all provinces/municipalities experienced outbreaks. As of 23 February 2023, 13 provinces were affected by the disease [reference].
Figure 1. Cumulative number of affected communes since January 2020 in Viet Nam
Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Since the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Salavan Province on 20 June 2019, ASF outbreaks were reported in all 18 provinces [reference]. In November 2022, ASF was confirmed in pigs in Kham District, Xiangkhouang Province.
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) confirmed the first ASF outbreak in Ratanakiri Province in April 2019, ASF outbreaks were detected in five provinces [reference1]. The last reported outbreak was in July 2019 [reference2]. The Consumer Protection, Competition and Fraud Repression Directorate-General (CCF) seized two tonnes of pork and frozen offal on 17 February 2023; the seized meat tested positive for ASF; authorities destroyed the ASF contaminated meat [reference3, reference4], according to media.
Department of Livestock Development (DLD) announced in January 2022 the confirmation of ASF in pet pigs in Bangkok [reference1]. On 5 January 2023, 7 new ASF outbreaks in domestic pigs started between 16 November and 25 December and 1 continuing outbreak were posted on WAHIS [reference2]. As of 5 January 2023, a total of 114 outbreaks have been reported in 35 out of 77 provinces/special administrative area, with the latest reported outbreak occurred on 25 December 2022 in Phetchaburi Province [reference3]. Meanwhile, ten wild boar carcasses were found at the Khlong Wang Sai Watershed Forest in Yala Province, according to media [reference4].
Since the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation confirmed the first ASF outbreak in August 2019, a total of 11 outbreaks were reported in Shan (7), Kachin (1), Kayah (1) states, and Sagaing Region (2) [reference1, reference2, reference3, reference4, reference5; reference6; reference7] with the latest outbreak reported in June 2021.
Since the first ASF outbreak occurred in May 2021 in Phuentsholing, Chhukha District [reference1], ASF outbreaks have been reported in southern part of the country: in April 2022 in Samphelling, Chhukha District, in November in Samdrup Jongkhar and Sarpang districts, in December in Sarpang District [reference2, reference3, reference4], ], and in January 2023 in Bhur, Sarpang District [reference5]. An ASF outbreak was confirmed in Daragaon village, Lungsilsa Chiwog, Lhamoi Dzingkha Dungkhag, Dagana District in the end of February, five improved breeds and a local pig died due to ASF [reference6, reference7].
Since the first ASF outbreaks occurred in Kathmandu Valley in March 2022 [reference1], ASF outbreaks in pig farms have been reported in areas in Hill eco-zone near Kathmandu and Pokhara, and in multiple districts in southern Terai eco-zone. So far 33 outbreaks in 16 districts have been reported namely: Bagmati Province (Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Kavrepalanchok, and Chitwan districts), Province No.1 (Sunsari, Jhapa and Morang districts), Lumbini Province (Bardiya and Dang districts), Gandaki Province (Kaski and Syangja districts), Karnali Province (Surkhet and Jajarkot districts), Sudurpashchim Province (Kailali District) and Madhesh Province (Bara District) [reference2]. According to media, ASF cases were also confirmed in Myagdi District in Gandaki Province in early January [reference3]; in February 2023, nearly 3 000 pigs were reported to have died due to ASF in Bharatpur, Chitwan District [reference4].
The National Parks Board of Singapore on 7 February confirmed its first case of ASF in a wild boar carcass found in a natural park in the northwest of the country [reference1, reference2]. More wild boars including trapped (3) and carcasses found (5) in forested areas in the Northern part of Singapore, tested positive for the virus [reference3].
Since the first ASF outbreaks occurred in Assam State in January-April 2020 [reference1], ASF outbreaks have been officially reported in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland [reference2 ], Sikkim [reference3], Bihar [reference4], Kerala [reference5], Punjab [reference6, reference7] and Haryana states [reference8]. According to media, ASF was also confirmed in Gujarat [reference9], Jharkhand [reference10], Karnataka [reference11], Madhya Pradesh [reference12], Rajasthan [reference9], Tripura [reference13], Uttarakhand [reference14], Uttar Pradesh [reference15] states, and Delhi Union Territory [reference16]; for the past one month, ASF cases have been detected in Kerala (Kasaragod and Kottayam districts) [reference17, reference18], Punjab (Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District) [reference19], and Madhya Pradesh (Rewa, Sidhi, Jabalpur, Shahdol, Mandla, Katni, Satna, Shivpuri, Tikamgarh, and Damoh districts) [reference20, reference21]. Media reported that ASF was also suspected in Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Chamarajanagar District, Karnataka State) and Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (MTR, Nilgiris District, Tamil Nadu State) in the Sigur Plateau where animals moving freely between the two reserves; and in Gudalur forest range [reference22, reference23, reference24, reference25]; in Karnataka, 19 wild boars found dead in Bandipur Tiger Reserve a month ago; in Tamil Nadu, more than 50 wild boars died in Nilgiris District near the MTR such as in Kothagiri, Keelkothagiri, Coonoor, Manjoor and Ooty. In both places ASF was suspected as the cause. ASF has not been reported in domestic pigs in Nilgiris district [reference26, reference27].
Disputed territory(Arunachal Pradesh)
In April 2020, ASF outbreak occurred in eight districts [reference1, reference2], deaths of wild boars were also reported [reference3, reference4]. ASF was also confirmed in pigs died in Nirjuli area between December 2021 and February 2022 [reference5] according to media.
Actions taken by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea developed the National Strategy for ASF prevention and control during 2020-2025 (issued in May 2021).
Actions taken by the Republic of Korea
In response to the outbreak confirmed on 12 February, a quarantine team and an epidemiological investigation team were sent, a 48-hour standstill order on livestock-related facilities was placed, 30 pig farms within 10 km from the outbreak farm were inspected, disinfection units has been mobilized to disinfect pig farms and surrounding roads in 18 cities/counties in Gangwon-do [reference1, reference2].
Actions taken by China
In April 2021, MARA issued the “Work Plan for Regional Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever and Other Major Animal Diseases (Trial)”. The whole country was divided into five regions, and pig movement has been restricted only within the region. ASF-free zones are created in each region, only pigs from the free zones, breeding pigs and piglets are allowed to move beyond respective regions [reference1]. In response to the ASF outbreak in Ta Kwu Lin, the Hong Kong SAR’s Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department: 1. banned the movement of pigs from the effected farm until further notice; 2. temporarily suspended the movement of pigs from the five farms within 3 km of the ASF affected farm, monitored the health of pigs in all local farms, and conducted surveillance to early detect pigs with abnormalities (no abnormalities were found); 3. strengthened cleaning and disinfection of mainland pig transportation vehicles and local ones at slaughterhouses, 4. continued to raise knowledge of pig raisers on preventing ASF by organizing meetings and seminars, developing and disseminating posters and guidelines on cleaning, disinfection, ASF, and control measures. A total of 45 pigs have died of the virus and 62 pigs were culled to stop the spread of the disease [reference2, reference3, reference4].
Actions taken by the Philippines
The reduced tariff rates of imported pork has been extended until 31 December 2023 [reference1]. The local authorities are mandated to strictly follow the National Zoning implementation and movement plan depending on the level of ASF risks [reference2]. On Luzon, at least 230 pig farmers in Ilocos Norte Province who were affected by the disease have received recovery aid in cash, food pack and vegetable seeds [reference3]. Backyard and commercial pig raisers in the province are also urged to secure insurance packages to help them recover part of their investment if their farms are affected by the disease [reference4]. On Visayas, the Iloilo provincial government is planning to strengthen the biosecurity measures especially on backyard farms; and start pig repopulation in red zone areas [reference5]. The DA-6 (Western Visayas) may start pig repopulation in Oton only after carrying out a risk assessment [reference6, reference7]. Cebu and Aklan provinces banned the importation of pigs and pork products from ASF affected areas [reference8, reference9], while Antique Province maintains intensified border checkpoints [reference10], and Negros Occidental Province is closely watching the ports of entry in the south [reference11]. On 6 February 2022, the Antique provincial government also issued an ordinance adopting and implementing the DA Babay ASF Program [reference12]. In response to the new outbreak in Capiz Province, DA-6 provided protocol to the province including depopulation of pigs within the 0.5km radius from the affected farm. The department also enhanced public awareness on the impact of ASF by showing information video about the disease [reference13]. In Negros Oriental Province, the Bureau of Animal Industry conducted training on surveillance and response processes [reference14]. In Cebu Province, Cebu City government deactivated its border checkpoints against ASF, authorities are still conducting an intensive monitoring in the port area, supermarkets, and slaughterhouses to keep the city away from the disease [reference15], according to media.
Figure 2. Live pig prices in China, Viet Nam, Cambodia, the Philippines and Thailand (USD/kg)
Actions taken by Malaysia
After the first confirmed outbreak in Sabah State, surveillance has been intensified in the whole country [reference1]. The government of Penang has declared ASF as state disaster [reference2]; Negeri Sembilan State issued a ban on wild boar hunting [reference3]; In Perak State, a movement restriction has been imposed on all farms located within a 2 km radius and farms that shared pig transport vehicles until surveillance is completed [reference4]; Deputy Agriculture and Food Security Minister informed that financial assistance to farmers affected by the disease will be distributed soon [reference5], according to media.
Actions taken by Indonesia
In December 2019, Ministry of Agriculture recommended the public the application of biosecurity and good management of pig farms as the main strategic steps to prevent ASF, as well as strict and intensive monitoring of high-risk areas [reference1]; the Livestock and Animal Health Services (DG PKH) formed Emergency Posts with Rapid Response Teams at all levels [reference2]. Recently, Lembata and East Flores Regencies in East Nusa Tenggara Province announced a ban on bringing livestock or processed pork products from outside the area to prevent the spread of ASF [reference3, reference4]. After five samples tested positive for ASF, Sikka Regency issued a letter (524.3/08/I/2023) requesting villages to be vigilant [reference5]; The NTT Animal Husbandry Service provided Kupang Regency with 1 000 L of disinfectant, and is ready to distribute also to other areas [reference6], according to media.
Actions taken by Timor-Leste
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAF) reactivated their public awareness campaign in collaboration with the Market Development Facility Australia to provide more accurate information for farmers and promote better practices [reference1, reference2]. To move a pig, pig transportation license for the driver, and pre-movement testing of pigs are required; and everybody are encouraged to follow biosecurity measures, according to media [reference3]. ‘African Swine Fever is Triggering Market Shifts’ MDF MarketView Timor-Leste #9, October 2022 was released that describes measures applied and value chain changes observed [reference4].
Actions taken by Papua New Guinea
NAQIA stepped up its ASF national risk communications and awareness campaign; strengthened responses for affected provinces and preparedness for non-infected provinces along the highway; urged farmers to practice biosecurity measures. “Quarantine Areas” and checkpoints at strategic locations have been set to control the movements of pigs and pork products. A restricted pig movement permit system has been implemented [reference1, reference2]. NAQIA is encouraging all provinces to develop their own ASF preparedness and response plans. NAQIA is now in the Recovery Phase of the ASF Response Plan with the aim to re-establish pig farming in the infected zone. The ASF impact survey Conducted in Upper Highlands illustrated strong need for value-chain and behaviour change communication (VC/BCC) [reference3]. NAQIA launched Biosecurity Policy 2022-2032 on 24 June 2022 [reference4], according to media. NAQIA recently launched the ASF repository website. NAQIA organized a 3-day national stakeholders consultation workshop on FMD, LSD and ASF in December 2022 [reference5].
Actions taken by Viet Nam
The “National Plan for the Prevention and Control of African Swine Fever for the period of 2020 – 2025” endorsed on 7 July 2020 (972/QD-TTg) set goals for ASF control, pig farm biosecurity application and laboratory capacity development to be achieved; defined restocking conditions, sampling requirements, surveillance, conditions for culling and moving-to-slaughter. The Department of Animal Health announced the licensing of NAVET-ASFVAC in June 2022. MARD has sent an official dispatch to Department of Agriculture and Rural Development to request all localities to strictly notify any animal diseases and to implement the month of environmental sanitation and disinfection from 1 to 31 March 2023 [reference1, reference2].
Actions taken by Lao People’s Democratic Republic
When an ASF outbreak confirmed, the Ministry designates Red Area around an outbreak to control the movement of pig and pork products and prohibits pork consumption; and yellow Area (3 km radius from the red areas) as designated surveillance zones.
Actions taken by Cambodia
Cambodia has temporarily suspended imports of pigs from neighbouring countries [reference1, reference2], in-country pig movement control has also been strengthened [reference3, reference4]. The Ministry of Agriculture forestry and fisheries has requested the General Department of Customs and Excise to strengthen the prevention and the crackdown on the illegal import of frozen pork and frozen pig organs. The Ministry has established a working group of legal experts to discuss and review the Law on Animal Health and Animal Production and Sub-Decree No. 17 (on enforcement if the list of prohibited and restricted goods) to propose amendments to harmonize regulations to effectively control smuggling of frozen items of pig origin (meat and organs).
Actions taken by Thailand
DLD implements ASF contingency plan with clinical practice guidelines [reference1] while the provinces monitor and follow-up the situation in accordance with the guidelines [reference2]. DLD is promoting the improvement of disease prevention systems and biosafety on farms, arranging low-interest loans [reference3].
Actions taken by Myanmar
Various control measures including movement control, surveillance, official carcass disposal have been implemented and raised awareness on good animal husbandry practices [reference].
Actions taken by Bhutan
The authority implemented 3D (Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfection) operation, surveillance, quarantine, movement control, awareness raising, import ban, and encouraged farmers to adopt good pig farming practices [reference1]. To enhance biosecurity and food safety services, the Bhutan Agriculture and Food Regulatory Authority (BAFRA) launched an online Bhutan biosecurity and food safety system (BBFSS) [reference2].
Actions taken by Nepal
In response to the new ASF outbreaks in Myagdi District in Gandaki Province, authorities requested pig raisers to isolate any ASF suspected pigs and report without delay, and dispose dead pigs by burial [reference2], according to media.
Actions taken by Singapore
After confirming the first case of ASF in wild boar, the government of Singapore are monitoring the health of wild boars in nature reserves, parks, and green spaces [reference1, reference2].
Actions taken by India
The Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) released the Disease Control Strategy Plan in June 2020 as guidance for State / UT Governments for ASF prevention, control and containment [reference1]. Individual ASF detected area implements control measures with reference to the guidance. According to media, on 18 January 2023, Champhai District in Mizoram State issued a notice and 1) banned import of pigs, pork and pork products from other countries/states; 2) prohibited slaughter of pigs, and ordered 3) separation of sick pigs, and 4) immediately notify veterinary offices – as precautional measures in response to rumours of pig deaths in neighbouring country [reference2]. Madhya Pradesh State is monitoring the movement of pigs in affected areas [reference3]; in Punjab State, Lalewal Village in Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar District has been declared as infected area and the district issued an order to ban the movements of pigs, pork, pork products, pig feed, and any pig farm related equipment and machinery in and out of the infected area [reference4], and a ban on movement of pigs and pork products have been placed in the Bhorsi Brahmna Village, Baba Bakala Town, Amritsar District, Punjab State due to ASF [reference5]; Tamil Nadu State banned cross border transport of live pigs to/from Nilgiris District and swill feeding, strengthened eight checkpoints in Gudalur taluk, and requested farmers to fence their farms and disinfect around their farms [reference6, reference7], the DAHD has coordinated with Karnataka and Tamil Nadu states, and issued advisories to Animal Husbandry Departments and Forest Departments for taking preventive measures as per the National Action Plan of ASF. The Forest Department deployed teams to retrieve and destroy any carcasses of wild boars in Mudumalai Tiger Reserve [reference87] according to media.
ASF virus can be transmitted through pork and pork products (raw/frozen/dried/under-cooked) in which the virus can survive for a long time. Intensive border/customs control of passengers’ luggage is recommended. Warning signs should be placed clearly at the border/customs entry including airports and seaports, stating the consequences of bringing pork and pork products from ASF-infected countries/regions, and instructing passengers to discard pork products in designated disposal places or to hand over to the customs personnel.
- FAO Lao handed over the guidelines for ASF prevention and control in smallholder pig farming to the DLF, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry [link]
- FAO released a global alert message on increased risk of ASF spread during holidays season on 16 December 2022 [link]
- Global African Swine Fever Research Alliance (GARA) Gap Analysis Workshop will be held in Kampala, Uganda from 7 to 9 February 2023 [register].
- FAO ECTAD RAP organized a one-hour webinar on 15 November 2022 (12 pm ICT) on practical guidelines for ASF prevention and control in smallholder settings [link].
- FAO ECTAD RAP released a series of info-cards targeting farmers, animal health workers, traders, general public and travellers etc. to raise awareness on ASF. Links available at the Important links below.
- FAO ECTAD in Lao People’s Democratic Republic trained all animal health officers in Champasack, Saravan, Savannakhet, Khammouane, Bolikhamxay, Houaphanh, Xiengkhuang, Xayaboury Provinces, and Vientiane Capital to strengthen capability to prevent and control ASF.
- FAO ECTAD in Indonesia and the Ministry of Agriculture prepared technical guidelines for basic services for zoonoses outbreaks and animal health events with a high socioeconomic impact (e.g. FMD, LSD, ASF) and held and advocacy meeting on the Minimum Service Standards (SPM) which will assist subnational governments in dealing with future zoonoses outbreaks and emergencies. The SPM will be piloted in Lampung Province.
- FAO participated in a workshop to design a comprehensive ASF management plan in response to the negative impacts of the disease on the livelihoods of farmers in the northeast of India, held on 8 July in Assam. [link]
- FAO and NAQIA conducted the ASF Stock inspectors field practical training in August 2022 in Port Moresby. [link]
- OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2021–2030 (includes projection of Meat) released.
- FAO released the new Global Animal Disease Information System – EMPRES-i+ released. [link]
- Good practices for biosecurity in the pig sector [link]
- Effective disposal of animal carcasses and contaminated materials on small to medium-sized farms [link]
- African swine fever detection and diagnosis. A manual for veterinarians [English, Русский, 中文, Español]
- Addressing African Swine Fever: Laboratory protocols and algorithms” in collab. with ACDP (formerly AAHL) [link]
- Guidelines for African swine fever (ASF) prevention and control in smallholder pig farming in Asia series:
- FAO ECTAD RAP website launched, featuring all ASF control efforts in the region [link]
- African swine fever in wild boar – Ecology and biosecurity. 2nd edition [link]
- FAO REU “Template for a control and eradication plan for African swine fever in wild boar” [link]
- FAO REU “What hunters need to know about African swine fever and biosecurity measures during hunting” [link]
- Joint ASF communication campaign [link]
- Risk communication in animal disease outbreaks and emergencies [link]
- FAO FOOD OUTLOOK – BIANNUAL REPORT ON GLOBAL FOOD MARKETS, June 2022, November 2022.
- Standing Group of Experts on African swine fever in Europe [link]
- OIE ASF Reference Laboratory Network’s overview of African swine fever diagnostic tests for field application [link]
- OIE guidelines on compartmentalisation for ASF [link]
- Global ASF Control: a GF-TADs Initiative 2020-2025 [English, Française, 中文, Русский, Español]
- Global ASF Control: a GF-TADs Initiative 2020-2025 – Annual Report 2021 [link]
- VIDEO: GF-TADs. African swine fever (ASF) kills pigs [full video, short video]
- VIDEO: FAORAP. Be a Champion Farmer! [English, Khmer, Lao, Vietnamese, Indonesia (Bahasa, Bali, Batak, Kupang), Nepali, Burmese, Malaysia (Malay, Iban Sarawak), the Philippines (Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano), 中文, Portuguese]
- FAO ECTAD RAP info-cards – Biosecurity for farmers: How to avoid, Biosecurity, Protect your livelihoods, Protect your farm, Swill feeding spreads, What is swill feeding, Stop swill feeding, Isolate new pigs, Report unusual event; For veterinarians: Biosecurity is key, Differentiate ASF from other diseases; For border checkpoints: Border control, Stop at animal checkpoints; Do your part: Clean and disinfect vehicles, Hunt responsively, Travel responsively, Sell only certified pork, Buy safe pork, When buying online…
- POSTER: FAO ECTAD, on biosecurity – Don’t let your pigs die from African Swine Fever [English1, English2, French1, French2, Chinese1, Chinese2, Bahasa Indonesia1, Bahasa Indonesia2, Burmese, Khmer, Korean1, Korean2, Lao, Nepali1, Nepali2, Portuguese1, Portuguese2, Thai1, Thai2, Viet Nam1, Viet Nam2, Arabic 1, Arabic 2, Hindi 1, Hindi 2, Tagalog, Ilocano and Cebuano]
- POSTER: FAO/OIE, for vets [English, Française, 中文, Русский, Español], for farmers [English, Française, 中文, Русский, Español]
- EMPRES-Animal health 360 [link]
ASF reported administrative areas since August 2018
China: Anhui, Heilongjiang, Henan, Jilin, Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanxi, Yunnan, Hunan, Guizhou, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Sichuan, Shaanxi, Qinghai, Guangdong, Gansu, Shandong, Hainan and Hebei provinces, Tianjin, Chongqing, Shanghai and Beijing municipalities, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia Hui, Guangxi Zhuang, Xinjiang Uygur, and Tibet (Xizang) autonomous regions and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR).
Mongolia: Bulgan, Darkhan-Uul, Dundgovi, Orkhon, Selenge, Töv provinces and Ulaanbaatar
Viet Nam: All provinces and municipalities.
Cambodia: Ratanakiri, Tboung Khmum, Svay Rieng, Takeo and Kandal provinces.
Democratic People’s Republic of Korea: Chagang-Do.
Lao People’s Democratic Republic: All provinces and municipality.
Myanmar: Shan, Kachin, Kayah states and Sagaing Region.
The Philippines: Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Albay, Apayao, Aurora, Bataan, Batangas, Benguet, Bulacan, Cagayan, Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Davao de Oro, Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Occidental, Davao Oriental, Eastern Samar, Guimaras, Ifugao, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Isabela, Kalinga, La Union, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, Leyte, Marinduque, Masbate, Misamis Oriental, Mountain, North Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quirino, Rizal, Samar, Sarangani, Sorsogon, Southern Leyte, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tarlac, Zambales, Zamboanga del Sur provinces and Metro Manila (Caloocan, Malabon and Quezon cities).
Republic of Korea: Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do, Incheon City, Chungcheongbuk-do, and Gyeongsangbuk-do.
Timor-Leste: All districts.
Indonesia: North Sumatra, Riau, West Sumatra, South Sumatra, Lampung, Jambi, Bangka Belitung; West Java, Central Java, Yogyakarta, Banten, East Java; Bali; East Nusa Tenggara; West Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, East Kalimantan and North Kalimantan; South Sulawesi provinces.
Papua New Guinea: Southern Highlands, Enga, Hela, Western Highlands, Jiwaka, and Simbu provinces.
India: Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Bihar, Kerala, Punjab and Haryana states.
Disputed territory: Arunachal Pradesh.
Malaysia: Sabah, Sarawak; Perak, Pahang, Malacca, Johor, Negeri Sembilan, Trengganu, Kelantan and Penang (Pulau Pinang) states.
Bhutan: Chhukha, Samdrup Jongkhar, Sarpang districts.
Thailand: Buri Ram, Chachoengsao, Chaiyaphum, Chiang Mai, Chumphon, Kalasin, Kamphaeng Phet, Khon Kaen, Krabi, Mae Hong Son, Maha Sarakham, Mukdahan, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Phanom, Nakhon Sawan, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Nakhon Ratchasima, Nan, Nong Bua Lam Phu, Nong Khai, Phangnga, Phatthalung, Phetchaburi, Phichit, Prachuap Khiri Khan, Ranong, Ratchaburi, Roi Et, Si Sa Ket, Songkhla, Suphan Buri, Trang, Ubon Ratchathani, Udon Thani provinces and Bangkok.
Nepal: Bhaktapur, Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Kavrepalanchok, Sunsari, Jajarkot, Jhapa, Morang , Chitwan, Dang, Kaski, Surkhet, Kailali and Bara districts.
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- Molecular Characterization of African Swine Fever Viruses Circulating in Can Tho City, Vietnam. [link]
- Impact of African Swine Fever Epidemic on the Cost Intensity of Pork Production in China. [link]